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What you must know about Facelift

As people age, the effect of time shows in their faces, the skin on face and neck begin to thin and to lose elasticity, deep creases form between the nose and mouth; the jaw line grows slack and jowly; folds and fat deposits appear around the neck.

Hereditary factors, personal habits, smoking, exposure to the sun could contribute to ageing of the skin.

The purpose of a facelift (technically known as rhytidoplasty or cervicofacial) is to tightening the facial tissue, correction of the creases, removing excess fat, tightening underlying muscles, and redraping the skin of your face and neck. The skin tightens along with the tissue improving the appearance of the face.

If you're considering a facelift to improve your appearance, the proper information will clarify some aspects like benefits of the procedure, duration, post-operatory, complications, and right time for it.

Realistic expectations and a good doctor-patient relation is the base for the success of the surgery.


Who is a candidate?

As in any aesthetic surgery, good health and realistic expectations are basic requirements.
The patient must consider the limitations of a rhytidoplasty understanding that there is no ideal stop this aging process. A facelift can't stop ageing but it can make you look younger and fresher. The age of the patient is not crucial. What’s important are the expectations and reasons for the surgery which you must discuss with your surgeon.

Facelift surgery

The procedure can be performed under local anesthesia, combined with a sedative or under general anesthesia depending on the patient's choice. This is something that will be discussed on you initial consultation.

Incisions usually begin above the hairline at the temples, extend in a natural line in front of the ear (or just inside the cartilage at the front of the ear), and continue behind the earlobe to the lower scalp.

The surgeon separates the skin from the fat and muscle below around the cheeks and neck, trims the fat, tightens the underlying muscle and membrane, and then pulls the skin back. If the neck needs work, a small incision may also be made under the chin.

The incisions are stitched; a small, thin tube may be temporarily placed for 24 hours to drain any blood that might collect there. A bandage is placed for 48 hours and the patient must remain hospitalized for 24 to 48 hours.


Postoperatory

The patient must rest and take pain medication.
The stitches will be removed 5 to 10 days after the surgery.

After surgery edema and small hematoma may appear but will disappear after two or three weeks.

Patients will resume their normal daily activities after one or two weeks depending on the magnitude of the surgery.

Complications, although infrequent, include: hematoma, infection, facial control, poor healing and noticeable scars.